It is a chronic sensitive skin condition involving the central face that affects both men and women, between the ages of 30-60. (F>M). It is more common in fair skinned people with blue eyes and of Celtic origin.it may be transient, recurrent or persistent. It is characterised by its red colour.
- Frequent blushing or flushing.
- Persistent red face or prominent blood vessels.
- Dry flaky skin.
- Pustules or papules or both on nose, forehead, chest and lower face.
- Facial redness aggravated by heat, intake of spicy foods, emotional stress, changes in temperature and topical products.
- In some cases there is marked thickening of the skin of the nose with prominent pores. This is more common in men.
- Less common presentations include redness or swelling of other facial areas including the eyelids resulting in redness of the conjunctiva and inflammation of the eyelids.
Treatment involves the use of topical agents to cleanse, soothe and hydrate the skin to reduce inflammation which aggravates the condition, along with the use of a daily sunscreen. In some cases the use of topical antibiotics are indicated. This helps to treat the Rosacea and maintain good skin health.