Acne

AcneAcne is one of the most common dermatological disorders. It is commonly associated with puberty and the teenage years but it can continue into adulthood.

Acne is characteristically seen as:

  1. Open comedones ‘Blackheads’ due to the presence of Sebum and Keratin in the hair follicle. It can be extracted by applying pressure but almost always recur.
  2. Close comedones ‘Whiteheads’ due to build-up of Keratin and Sebum trapped within the follicle of the overlying skin cells. They respond best to exfoliation rather than extraction. They are more common in the oilier areas of the face including the nose, forehead and chin – the ‘T Zone’.
  3. Papules are small solid inflamed red bumps that do not contain pus. They should not be extracted. They may progress to pustules and then can be extracted.
  4. Pustules are small inflamed red bumps that contain pus with a visible whit tip. These respond best to extraction.
  5. Nodules and Cysts occur due to inflammation and infection within the sebaceous glands. They cause discomfort and extraction is not recommended because of the depth of the lesion which may lead to scarring and cellulitis.

DiagramFactors contributing to Acne formation:

  1. Hormonal fluctuations especially in puberty or during menses.
  2. Stress
  3. Topical products that clog pores.
  4. Over drying the skin. The goal of treatment is to control sebum production but this can also strip the skin of all hydration actually stimulating sebum production and inflammation resulting in increasing Acne.

Treatment – Depends on type of Acne

  1. Topical products to exfoliate and decrease sebum production.
  2. Other topical products containing an antibacterial agent against P Acne bacteria (which is the bacteria that causes inflammatory Acne) and products with Anti-Inflammatory properties.
  3. In some severe cases or cases involving larger areas of the body systemic treatments initiated by a General Practitioner or Dermatologist such as oral antibiotics, Cyproterone Acetate contraceptive pill or oral retinoids (Roaccutane).
  4. Other Professional Treatments.
  5. Chemical peels to help exfoliation helping to clear debris and bacteria and allowing better penetration of topical products.
  6. Micro-Dermabrasion which provides extensive exfoliation.
  7. Microneedling which ensures active ingredients to treat the acne are delivered in the correct location giving much better and faster results.

Acne Treatment Cost:

Glycolic Acid Peels: €65.00 per treatment. It is recommended 5-6 treatments 2-3 weeks apart.
(Course of 6 is €300.00.)

Microneedling: €200.00 per treatment. It is recommended to have treatments , 2-3 weeks apart.
(Course of 3 is €550.00.)

Zo 3 Step Peel: €200.00 repeat every 6 weeks until desired result achieved.

Perfect Peel: €250 euro per treatment. It is recommended to have treatments 4 weeks apart.
(Course of 3 is €600.00.)

The number of treatments for each patient depends on the severity of the acne.